A BEGINNER’S GUIDE TO TYPES OF CLIMBING

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GYM CLIMBING

The popularity of gym climbing has been growing at an exponential rate over the past 20 years. Most folks nowadays are introduced to climbing through gyms. For many of people, the climbing gym represents the entirety of their climbing world.

BOULDERING

Bouldering is a great way to get into rock climbing indoors – all you need are climbing shoes and chalk. Boulderers climb pre-set routes known as “problems” that ascend short walls. A problem is usually completed once the climber has matched hands in a controlled manner on a designated finish hold. The padded floors in climbing gyms are designed to absorb the impact of falls effectively once climbers learn how to fall safely.

TOP ROPE CLIMBING

Top rope climbing is perfect for building endurance, learning rope skills, and honing techniques before progressing to potentially riskier disciplines of the sport.

For top roping, the rope that you tie into is already running through an anchor at the top of the route. As the climber moves up the wall, the belayer takes up slack through a belay device. Because the rope is through a top anchor, fall distances tend to be small.

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